Uganda – the global birding destination

Uganda is the home of more than 50 per cent of all birds in Africa. Also, more than 10 per cent of the world’s birds reside in Uganda. Arguably, Sir Winston Churchill was right to refer to Uganda as “The Pearl of Africa” in his 1908 book titled My African Journey.  Uganda’s biodiversity partly explains Churchill’s observation.

A Total of 768 bird species were recorded from 28 national parks and non-protected areas across the country. In 2013, the African Bird Club voted Uganda as the destination for bird watching; and in 2012, the country was labelled the best destination on the Lonely Planet Website.

Uganda cumulatively has registered 1067 bird species, which is 50 per cent of African bird species and 10 per cent of global bird species.

Red-throated Bee-eater Murchison Falls National Park Uganda Photo by Brian Zwiebel


African Openbill Photo by Arthur Matsiko


Gull-billedtern Photo by Arthur Matsiko


African Paradise Flycatcher Bwindi Impenetrable Forest National Park Uganda Photo by Brian Zwiebel






Woolly-necked Stork Queen Elizabeth National Park Uganda Photo by Brian Zwiebel


Africa’s hidden secret – the Ngorongoro Crater

The Ngorongoro Conservation Area (NCA), said to be the only place on earth where mankind and wild animals co-exist in harmony. The area reportedly has over 25,000 large animals. Enjoy pictorial views from this famous resort.

Hippos, Ngorongoro Crater, The Serengeti Photo: Tony Young

The conservation authority reports that the area contains over 25,000 large animals including over 20 black rhinoceros, 7,000 wildebeests, 4,000 zebras, 3,000 eland and 3,000 Grant’s and Thomson’s gazelles.

The crater also has the most dense known population of lions, numbering about 60. Higher up, in the rainforests of the crater rim, are leopards, about 30 large elephants, mountain reedbuck and more than 4,000 buffalos, spotted hyenas, jackals, rare wild dogs, cheetahs, and other felines.

Ngorongoro was named by the Maasai. The name is the sound produced by the cowbell (ngoro ngoro). This was mainly because they were migrating from Central Africa to settle permanently. This explains why the Ngorongoro Conservation Area is mostly occupied by the Maasai.

According to the NCA, the crater is the flagship tourism feature for the Ngorongoro Conservation Area. It is a large, unbroken, un-flooded caldera, formed when a giant volcano exploded and collapsed some three million years ago. It sinks to a depth of 610 metres, with a base area covering 260 square kilometres. The height of the original volcano could have ranged between 4,500 to 5,800 metres high.

Ngorongoro Crater Safari – Tanzania, Africa Photo: Flickr: David Berkowitz

This is one of the items on Adventure Kama Safaris itineraries in Tanzania. Article was originally published by This is Africa

Must-have items for a Safari


Shorts or trousers – unless you know you’re going to be somewhere really hot, trousers are probably the safest option here. They’ll protect you more from biting insects and the hot African sun, and if you wear thin trousers, you shouldn’t get too hot. Shirts and tees – Loose-fitting t-shirts are always useful, as they will protect your shoulders from the sun and keep you cool. However, it’s also a good idea to take one long-sleeved shirt with you, maybe even with incorporated insect repellent or sun protection.

Wide-brimmed hat – to keep your face and the back of your neck shaded. Sunburn can be very painful, and prolonged sun exposure, especially to the back of the neck, can lead to sunstroke – dangerous and unpleasant during your holiday!

Fleece – fleeces are lightweight and comfortable, and will help keep the chill off when night comes and the temperatures can really drop. They’re also useful for early morning game drives, when the breeze can be very bracing, and you can simply leave it in the safari vehicle or tie it around your waist when you’re not wearing it.

Sturdy boots – unless you’re planning on doing a lot of hiking, some thick-soled boots or shoes should do the job just fine. Some comfortable socks are also essential, as your feet are likely to get hot and sweaty after a day on safari!

Sunglasses – and good ones at that! Your shades should first and foremost be a form of protection for your eyes, and not a fashion accessory! You will need sunglasses with at least 99% UVB and 95% UVA protection. Cheap sunglasses can be very harmful to your eyes, so choose carefully.


What about healthcare?

High SPF sun cream – and we mean high! Factor 50+ is the best bet, as the African sun is very strong, and even people who claim to be “used to the sun” can burn very badly, very quickly. It’s simply not worth taking the risk. Extreme sun block sticks are also useful, as they are small and light and can be applied quickly and easily to particularly sensitive areas, such as the nose and cheeks.

Insect repellent – this can be bought in spray, cream, roll-on and wipe form. For a safari, it’s useful to bring a spray for generally application at dusk and dawn, and some wipes, which can be taken out with you in your day bag. They come in very handy for reapplication – especially important if you get a bit sweaty!

Antibacterial hand soap – this is purchased in very small bottles, and is useful if you end up using the toilet facilities at road-side cafes between national parks. Soap and even functioning sinks aren’t always available, so a handy soap will help keep you hygienic.

How can I keep safe and secure?

Torch – this is always a useful safari item. Depending on the kind of accommodation you choose, and where exactly your safari is, you might need a large torch, a head torch or a mini torch. If you’re using basic camping facilities, a large torch will be a necessity. Even for those staying in tented camps or lodges, some will turn off the power at certain times of the night to conserve electricity – commendable, but not helpful during midnight toilet trips! At such times, mini torches or head torches are a blessing.

Money belt – this is the best place to keep your money, especially upon arrival in a new country, when you might have large amounts of the local currency in cash. In busy airports, or bus or ferry terminals, you will feel a lot more secure with your cash strapped to your body!

Cheap bike lock – this isn’t a necessity for everyone, but can be very useful for people planning to take long train or coach journeys in Africa. For your own peace of mind, a cheap bike lock can secure your belongings to a chair leg or arm rest, meaning you can catch some shut-eye without worrying too much – a particular blessing on longer journeys!

But what about the fun stuff!

Camera – and all the stuff that come with it! That means charger or batteries, spare memory cards (or film if you’re old school), USB cable, zoom lens, case and anything else you might need, depending on how serious you are about your photography! An adjustable tripod with grips is great for positioning your camera at awkward angles in a safari vehicle, or for a lighter option, take a small beanbag to rest your camera on.

Binoculars – definitely worth the extra weight as far as we’re concerned! Good binoculars are an investment for future holidays, as well as your safari, as often the only way to pick out tiny details is with a pair of good binoculars. On safari, you can use them for picking out tiny speck in the distance, that might turn out to be an elephant or an eland, an oryx or an ostrich, and for really taking in the details of animals that are closer by.

Bird and wildlife literature – You can use these before, during and after your safari. Leaf through your wildlife book on the plane on the way there to brief yourself. Use it whilst your on safari to pick out the difference between a Grevy’s and a plains zebra. Research in your bird book when you get home to find out what that brightly coloured bird you saw on your last day was. Guide books will really help you make the most of your safari.

Let´s Safari!
So now your are all packed up and ready to go on safari! …That is of course unless you haven’t already booked your trip. If you are looking for that expert safaris tour operator in Uganda, Rwanda, Tanzania or Kenya  to book your trip with, look no further than Adventure Kama Safaris. All tours our tours are private and can be fully customised down to every last detail.

We are the intersection of beauty and nature.

Uganda: Scaling the beautiful Mount Elgon

I was at the top, I could see everything, from the blue skies, to the thick blankets of white clouds gracefully floating by, and the wind blew strong but kind. I could almost still taste the Arabica brewed coffee I had sipped earlier, to the sounds of the whispering wind, interrupted by chatters of excited people posing for a group photo.

Peace! It was one of those moments you want to last forever … a gentle reminder that indeed there is a God, master and creator of an amazing place such as this.




A month before

Steven Wasswa, a friend who works with Kakungulu Safaris, informed me that he would be off to climb the eighth-highest mountain in Africa, with the largest base area of any free-standing volcano in the world–Mountain Elgon.

“I had always wanted to do this,” I thought to myself. And as someone with a sports background, a month’s notice seemed fair enough. So I started a thrice-a-

week workout routine to get in shape for the challenge ahead. The day approached sooner than I anticipated, thanks to my anxiety, but now it was here and it was too late to back down now.

Thermal base clothing (temperature drops to as low as 10 degrees centigrade), check! Quick dry pants, check! Wind breaker jacket, warm sleeping bag, water bottle and of course a camera, all check!

Meeting and chocolate checkpoint 

The rendezvous point was Lugogo, UMA grounds and on the evening when I got there, I mingled with the other travellers as we waited for the rest of the group to assemble. One of the hikers kept asking about my check-list to the point of enquiring if I had packed chocolates and candy. How old did he think I was, five? I later regretted that thought when the organizers explained how the body needs quick energy boosts during the hikes.

Thankfully I managed to get hold of a packet of assorted chocolates and soon we were on our way to Sironko District where we camped in Budadiri at a little hotel near the Uganda Wild Life Authority Offices (UWA) for the night.


Hiking Africans?

The next morning we got up early to a tasty local breakfast, buffet style of matooke and ground nuts, bread and butter, chapatti, milk, juice and coffee. The 20-member team then gathered at the UWA offices for a briefing after which we were taken to the foot of the mountain, deeper in Budadiri, where our hike begun.

We split into groups of three with the least energetic at the front to set the pace. We walked through the villages as smiling children in worn-out clothing ran to wave at us. The locals looked surprised to see us. I later gathered this was because it is usually white people that go up the mountains.

Wall of death

Mid-morning, we arrived at the wall of death. Apparently, back in the day some people are said to have died climbing up the mountain at this rock. It stared

at us as if in silent challenge, but we stood tall and matched to it like Napoleon’s soldiers to Russia. Thankfully there was a metallic sAtaircase for easier passage.

A few more hours of walking and we were in the rain/ bamboo forest. Somehow, the three groups organized earlier disintegrated into smaller ones and the stronger fellas started to lead. By 3:30 pm, we were at Sasa River camps. The cold started to set in as we set up camp for the night. We also passed time dipping in the freezing cold river for a quick bath, sharing a camp-fire dinner, chatting, and listening to music.

This routine would go on for the next two days. Along the way we sighted some monkeys, deer, birds, small cats, and Birigana Falls.


To the peak!

The further up we went the windier it got; before we camped at Mude Cave campto prepare for our final lap up the mountain.

That final morning was colder, and I slowly sipped my Arabica brewed coffee to the

view of a breathtaking sunrise. “Almost there,” I said to myself. We set off soon after breakfast, and faced terrain that gets steeper and paradoxically more beautiful as you go up the mountain ranges above the clouds.

We would take short water breaks, and the famous chocolate now came in handy! We came across a shallow ice cold pool named Jackson’s pool. A few hours later, we walked around the jagged edge rim of one of the world’s largest calderas, measuring 40 km long and 8 km wide. On its northern side are hot springs that I have saved for my next Mt Elgon hike. And the caldera also has crater lakes that made us feel like we were in Jurassic park, except that there are no dinosaurs.

We continued on to the Wagagai peak, and finally we were at 13,852 ft (4,155 m) above sea level. I let out a heavy sigh and I have to agree… God made it and saw that it was beautiful! We took group photos, and rested, for tomorrow we would start our journey back home.

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